1313 Lyndon Lane, Suite 214, Louisville, KY 40222, (502) 425-2442

Online Dental Education Library

 Dr. Klein's office has provided the following educational Implant Videos to enable you to learn more about how implants can be an effective way for you to replace a missing tooth or teeth. 

Ridge preservation grafting after extraction in preparation for implant placement

Consequences of extraction without grafting

Four implants used to secure a removable lower denture

Two implants used to secure a removable lower denture

Comparison of Bridge vs. Implant options

Need for 3-D (Cone Beam Cat Scan) x-ray in implant planning

Implant replacement of missing front teeth

Implant replacement of lower molar

Fixed lower denture supported by 5 implants

Fixed upper denture supported by 4 implants

Geographic Tongue.Geographic tongue is characterized by harmless lesions, or patches, that can suddenly materialize on the tongue's top surface. The condition gets its name from the physical appearance of the lesions, which resemble smooth, red islands, possibly rimmed with white. Their smoothness comes from the absence of the tiny bumps or “papillae” that normally cover the entire surface of the tongue. These variations in color and texture give the whole tongue a map-like appearance.

The pattern on the tongue can change daily as the lesions appear to move or migrate, healing in one spot only to reappear in another. That's why the medical term for this condition is benign migratory glossitis. It's scary looking, but does not compromise a person's health.

Discomfort from the condition can sometimes be relieved with over-the-counter pain relievers; mouthrinses containing anesthetics, antihistamines, or steroids; and by avoiding certain irritants such as tobacco, alcohol, and foods that are spicy, salty or acidic.

No one knows exactly what causes geographic tongue. Some factors that may play a role include vitamin B deficiency, irritation from alcohol or spicy foods, and genetics.

This condition can be diagnosed simply by examining your tongue; laboratory tests are usually not necessary. Geographic tongue normally resolves on its own, but a dental professional should be consulted if you notice any changes in your tongue's appearance.